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As recognition has grown about the prevalence and impact of trauma on young children, more age-appropriate treatment approaches have been developed and tested for this population. These interventions share many of the same core components. For example, they are generally relationship-based, and focus on healing and supporting the child-parent relationship. The following interventions are among those that have been developed and evaluated for young children.

Child-Parent Psychotherapy

Individual, Family, Systems

CPP is an intervention model for children aged 0-6 who have experienced at least one traumatic event and/or are experiencing mental health, attachment, and/or behavioral problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder.

Parent-Child Care

Family, Group

PC-CARE is a dyadic intervention, designed to expose the caregiver to strategies for enhancing the caregiver-child relationship and improving behavior management effectiveness.

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy


PCIT is an evidenced-based treatment model with highly specified, step-by-step, live coached sessions with both the parent/caregiver and the child. Parents learn skills through PCIT didactic sessions.