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The intervention fact sheets linked from this page offer descriptive summaries of some of the interventions developed and/or implemented by members of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. This list does not present a comprehensive catalog of all relevant interventions developed and available for treating child traumatic stress.

For many interventions, the developer of the treatment or service approach has also provided a culture-specific summary, outlining how the intervention has been adapted for and used with various cultural groups. Training Guidelines are also provided for many interventions, specifying training requirements, recommendations, minimum standards, and other considerations for those seeking to learn a new intervention or practice.

Safety, Mentoring, Advocacy, Recovery, and Treatment

Individual, Family, Systems

SMART is a structured, phase-based approach to treating sexually abused children who are exhibiting sexual behavior problems. The model has been successfully implemented with a primarily African American population since 1998.

Sanctuary Model


Sanctuary is a trauma-informed, evidence-supported template for system change based on the active creation and maintenance of a nonviolent, democratic, productive community to help people heal from trauma. It addresses the marginalization of specific cultural groups through exposure to trauma.

Skills for Psychological Recovery

Individual, Family

SPR is a manualized, evidence-informed intervention that is intended to foster short and long-term adaptive coping in disaster survivors who are exhibiting moderate levels of distress.

Strengthening Family Coping Resources

Family, Group

SFCR is a manualized, trauma-focused, skill-building intervention. It is designed for families living in traumatic contexts with the goal of reducing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and other trauma-related disorders in children and adult caregivers.

Trauma Adapted Family Connections

Individual, Family, Group

TA-FC is a manualized trauma-focused practice rooted in the principles of Family Connections (FC), specifically designed to reduce risk factors for child maltreatment, increase protective factors, improve child safety, and reduce internalizing and externalizing child behavior.

Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents

Individual, Group

TGCT-A is a manualized group or individual treatment program for trauma-exposed or traumatically bereaved older children and adolescents that may be implemented in school, community mental health, clinic, or other service settings.

Trauma Systems Therapy

Individual, Family, Systems

TST is a model of care for traumatized children that addresses both the individual child’s emotional needs as well as the social environment in which he or she lives.

Trauma Systems Therapy for Refugees

Individual, Family, Systems

TST-R is a comprehensive method for treating traumatic stress in children and adolescents that adds to individually-based approaches by specifically addressing social environmental/system-of-care factors that are believed to be driving a child’s traumatic stress problems.