The PTSD-PAC is an 18-item caregiver report measure of PTSD symptoms in young children aged 2-5. It measures symptoms from the DSM-IV criteria B, C, and D. It also includes items from the DC: 0-3 criteria for PTSD in infants and very young children. It should be used for PTSD screening purposes only.
Levendosky, A.A., Huth-Bocks, A.C., Semel, M.A., & Shapiro, D.L. (2002). Trauma symptoms in preschool-age children exposed to violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17, 150-164.
It is a Yes/No format. Yes indicates the presence of symptoms, and No indicates their absence.
There is no training required to administer and only minimal trainng by a psychologist needed to interpret. One would need familiarity with the DSM-IV criteria for PTSD to adequately interpret the measure.
To meet DSM-IV criteria for PTSD, must have 1 Reexperiencing symptom, 3 Avoidance symptoms, and 2 Arousal symptoms.
Pros & Cons/References
Quick to administer and score with items related to DSM-IV criteria for PTSD.
Parent report form only with no direct assessment of the child. 2. The measure has been used with only one small sample of children and has limited psychometrics.
Author reviewed, but made no additional comments.