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BITSEA-PARENT - Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment - Parent Form

The BITSEA is a brief screener of children's social or emotional behavior problems and competencies based on the Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (ITSEA). As with the ITSEA, it was designed to identify children with deficits or delays in these areas, with positive screens to be followed by administration of the full ITSEA. The measure yields a Problem Total Score and a Competence Total Score. There are two versions, a Parent Form and a Childcare Provider Form, both are reviewed in this database.

Overview

Acronym: 

BITSEA-PARENT

Authors: 
Briggs-Gowan, Margaret & Carter, Alice S.
Citation: 

Carter, A.S., & Briggs-Gowan, M. (2005). ITSEA BITSEA: The Infant-Toddler and Brief Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment. PsychCorp: San Antonio, TX.

Cost: 
Free
Copyrighted: 
Yes
Domain Assessed: 
Relationships and Attachment
Subcategories of Domains Assessed: 
Competence and Other Measures of General and Psychosocial Functioning
Age Range: 
1-3
Measure Type: 
Screening
Measure Format: 
Questionnaire

Administration

Number of Items: 
42
Average Time to Complete (min): 
6
Reporter Type: 
Parent/Caregiver
Average Time to Score (min): 
5
Periodicity: 
Last Month
Materials Needed: 
Paper/Pencil
Testing Stimuli
Sample Items: 
DomainsScaleSample Items
Information Provided: 
Areas of Concern/Risks
Continuous Assessment
Raw Scores
Strengths

Training

Training to Administer: 
Training by Experienced Clinician (4+ hours)

Psychometrics

Notes on Psychometric Norms: 

There are no norms, but the manual provides means and standard deviations by gender and age (12-17 months, 18-23 months, 24-29 months, 30-35 months) for preliminary comparison purposes.

Clinical Cutoffs Description: 

PROBLEM SCORES: Cut scores = > 75 percentile COMPETENCE SCORES: Cut scores = < 15%

Reliability: 
TypeRatingStatisticsMinMaxAvg
Test-Retest
Internal Consistency
Inter-rater
Parallel/Alternate Forms
Construct Validity: 
Validity TypeNot knownNot foundNonclincal SamplesClinical SamplesDiverse Samples
Convergent/Concurrent
Discriminant
Sensitive to Change
Intervention Effects
Longitudinal/Maturation Effects
Sensitive to Theoretically Distinct Groups
Factorial Validity
Criterion Validity: 
Not KnownNot FoundNonclinical SamplesClinical SamplesDiverse Samples
Predictive Validity:
Postdictive Validity:

Translations

Languages: 
English
Translation Quality: 
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Population Information

Use with Diverse Populations: 
Population Type: 123456

Pros & Cons/References

Pros: 

1. The items appear clear and easy to understand.

2. The measure was developed specifically to assess infants and toddlers, and includes items that are developmentally sensitive and relevant to young children.

3. Assesses competencies as well as problem behaviors.

4. The measure appears to be a good screener in that scores are highly correlated with both the full ITSEA and the CBCL.

5. The measure is brief and can be administered in 6 minutes.

6. There is a Childcare Provider version with identical items and scales to allow for comparisons between reporters.

Cons: 

1. The age range of the measure 1-3 is awkward for treatment-outcome research and longitudinal studies because children need to fall in that age range at pre-, post-, and follow-up assessment periods.

2. There are no norms.

3. The measure consists of 42 items, but it yields scores on only two scales. This limits the utility of this measure. The authors suggest that positive screens on the BITSEA be followed by the ITSEA.

4. With regard to using the measure for trauma-exposed children, there is no scale that directly measures trauma symptoms, so another measure would need to be used to capture trauma symptomatology.

5. As with most Parent Report measures, items are face valid and parent may respond defensively or in biased ways. There are no validity scales associated with this measure.

Developer of Review: 
Chandra Ghosh Ippen, Ph.D.
Editor of Review: 
Chandra Ghosh Ippen, Ph.D.
Last Updated: 
Monday, March 3, 2014