Summary: Murphy L, Pynoos RS, and James CB. "The trauma/grief-focused group psychotherapy module of an elementary school-based violence prevention/intervention program," in Osofsky JD, ed, Children in a Violent Society, 223-255. New York: Guilford Press. 1997

Schools have developed violence-prevention programs in response to the growth in the numbers of children who commit, witness, and are victimized by violence. These programs teach children non-violent strategies for solving interpersonal problems. While such prevention efforts are crucial, it is also important to offer developmentally-appropriate treatment to those children whose lives have already been touched by violence. This article describes Project Intervention, a program implemented in a Los Angeles-area elementary school

Project Intervention is a collaborative effort involving the school, police department, two medical schools, the probation department and the district attorney's office. These agencies work together to deliver services to children in a working-class community that is plagued by gangs and school violence.

Using questionnaires, reports from teachers, and observation of students in the playground and their classrooms, children were selected to join the treatment program. Project Intervention includes individual therapy, group therapy sessions, and a mentoring program. Parents are engaged through home visits and by inviting to attend some of the group sessions. The group treatment sessions are the heart of the program, but all the components are designed to work together to heal these severely traumatized children.