Refugee and War Zone Trauma Reading List

This reading list was compiled by experts in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. It includes important recent work as well as classic books and articles on refugee and war zone trauma by Network and other experts in the field.

Clicking on SUMMARY will open a new window with a summary of the selected article. We provide in-depth summaries for many of the works written by members of the NCTSN.

Because most books and articles are protected by copyright law, we cannot provide copies of them or links to full text. But whenever possible, we have provided links to articles on publishers' websites, where you may be able to access the full article, depending on the publisher's policy. You can also contact your local public, medical, or university library for help if you would like to read the full publications.

Baker AM. "The psychological impact of the Intifada on Palestinian children in the occupied West Bank and Gaza: An exploratory study," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry vol 60(4): 496-505. 1990. doi: 10.1037/h0079207

Cairns E. Children and Political Violence. Blackwell, Oxford, England. 1996.

Garbarino J and Kostelny K. "What do we need to know to understand children in war and community violence?" In Apfel RJ and Simmon B, eds, Minefields in Their Hearts: The Mental Health of Children in War and Communal Violence. 33-51. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1996.

Gerrity E, Keane TM, and Tuma F, eds. The Mental Health Consequences of Torture. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York. 2001.

Goldstein RD, Wampler NS, and Wise PH. "War experiences and distress symptoms of Bosnian children," American Academy of Pediatrics vol 100: 873-878. 1997. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi: 10.1542/peds.100.5.873

Gordon MA. "Domestic violence in families exposed to torture and related violence and trauma." In Gerrity ET, Keane TM, and Tuma F, The Mental Health Consequences of Torture. 227-245. New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 2001. SUMMARY

Husain SA, Nair J, Holcomb W, Reid JC, Vargas V, and Nair SS. "Stress reactions of children and adolescents in war and siege conditions," American Journal of Psychiatry vol 155(12): 1718-1719. 1998.

Jensen PS and Shaw J. "Children as victims of war: Current knowledge and future research needs," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 32: 697-708. 1993. doi:10.1097/00004583-199307000-00001

Jensen PS and Shaw JA. "The effects of war and parental deployment upon children and adolescents." In Ursano RJ and Norwood AE, eds, Emotional Aftermath of the Persian Gulf War: Veterans, Families, Communities, and Nations. 83-109. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. 1996.

Kinzie JD, Sack WH, Angell RH, Manson S, and Rath B. "The psychiatric effects of massive trauma on Cambodian children: Part One, the children," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 25(3): 370-376. 1996. doi: 10.1016/S0002-7138(09)60259-4

Kuterovac G, Dyregrov A, and Stuvland R. "Children in war: A silent majority under stress," British Journal of Medical Psychology vol 67(4): 363-375. 1994. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8341.1994.tb01804.x

Laor N, Wolmer L, and Cohen DJ. "Mothers' functioning and children's symptoms five years after a SCUD missile attack," American Journal of Psychiatry vol 158(7): 1020-1026. 2001. Click here to find this article on the publisher's website. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.158.7.1020

Laor N, Wolmer L, Mayes LC, and Gershon A. "Israeli preschool children under Scuds: A 30-month follow-up," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 36(3): 349-356. 1997. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199703000-00013

Macksoud MS and Aber JL. "The war experiences and psychosocial development of children in Lebanon," Child Development vol 67(1): 70-88. 1996. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1996.tb01720.x

Mollica RF, Poole C, Son L, Murray C, and Tor S. "Effects of war trauma on Cambodian refugee adolescents' functional health and mental health status," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 36(8): 1098-1106. 1997. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199708000-00017

Montgomery E. "Refugee children from the Middle East," Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine vol 54 (suppl.): 1-52. 1998.

Nader K, Pynoos RS, Fairbanks LA, Al-Ajeel M, and Asfour A. "A preliminary study of PTSD and grief among the children of Kuwait following the Gulf crisis," British Journal of Clinical Psychology vol 32: 407-416. 1993. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8260.1993.tb01075.x

Pynoos RS, Kinzie JD, and Gordon MA. "Children, adolescents, and families exposed to torture and related trauma." In Gerrity ET, Keane TM, and Tuma F, The Mental Health Consequences of Torture. 211-225. New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 2001. SUMMARY

Saigh PA, Fairbank JA, and Yasik, AE. "War-related posttraumatic stress disorder among children and adolescents." In Miller TW, ed, Children of Trauma: Stressful Life Events and Their Effects on Children and Adolescents. 119-140. Madison, Conn.: International Universities Press. 1998. SUMMARY

Saigh PA, Mroueh M, Zimmerman BJ, and Fairbank JA. "Self-efficacy expectations among traumatized adolescents," Behaviour Research and Therapy 33(6): 701-704. 1995. SUMMARY doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(94)00092-X

Straker G. Faces in the Revolution: The Psychological Effects of Violence on Township Youth in South Africa. Ohio University Press, Athens, Ohio: 1992.

Zivcic I. "Emotional reactions of children to war stress in Croatia," Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry vol 32(4): 709-713. 1993. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199307000-00002