This reading list was compiled by experts in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. It includes important recent work as well as classic books and articles on community and school violence by Network and other experts in the field.
Clicking on SUMMARY will open a new window with a summary of the selected article. We provide in-depth summaries for many of the works written by members of the NCTSN.
Because most books and articles are protected by copyright law, we cannot provide copies of them or links to full text. But whenever possible, we have provided links to articles on publishers' websites, where you may be able to access the full article, depending on the publisher's policy. You can also contact your local public, medical, or university library for help if you would like to read the full publications.
Appleyard K and Osofsky JD. "Parenting after trauma: Supporting parents and caregivers in the treatment of children impacted by violence," Infant Mental Health Journal vol 24(2): 111-125.2003. doi: 10.1002/imhj.10050 SUMMARY
Augustyn M, Parker S, Groves BM, and Zuckerman B. "Silent victims: Children who witness violence," Contemporary Pediatrics vol 12(8): 35-57, 1993. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03500020096039
Bell CC and Jenkins EJ. "Community violence and children on Chicago's south side," Psychiatry vol 56: 46-53. 1993.
Cohen JA, Berliner L, and Mannarino AP. "Psychosocial and pharmacological interventions for child crime victims," Journal of Traumatic Stress vol 16(2): 175-186. 2003. doi: 10.1023/A:1022851324044 SUMMARY 
Cooley-Quilee MR, Turner SM, and Beidel DC. "Emotional impact of children's exposure to community violence: A preliminary study," Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry vol 34(10): 1362-1368. 1995.
Dubrow NF and Garbarino J. "Living in the war zone: Mothers and young children in a public housing development," Child Welfare vol 68(1): 3-20. 1989.
Garbarino J. "The American war zone: What children can tell us about living with violence," Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics vol 16(6): 431-435. 1995. doi: 10.1097/00004703-199512000-00008
Garbarino J. Raising Children in a Socially Toxic Environment. San Francisco, Jossey Bass. 1995.
Garbarino J, Dubrow N, Kostelny K, and Pardo C. Children in Danger. San Francisco, Jossey Bass. 1992.
Groves BM. "Growing up in a violent world: The impact of family and community violence on young children and their families," in Erwin E, ed, Putting Children First: Visions for a Brighter Future for Children. Boston, Brookes. 1996.
Groves BM and Zuckerman B. "Interventions with parents and caregivers of children who are exposed to violence," in Osofsky J, ed, Children in a Violent Society, 183-201. New York, Guilford Press. 1997. SUMMARY 
Groves BM, Zuckerman B, Marans S, and Cohen D. "Silent victims: Children who witness violence," Journal of the American Medical Association vol 269(2): 262-264. 1993. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03500020096039
Guterman NB and Cameron M. "Assessing the impact of community violence on children and youths," Social Work vol 42(5): 495-505. 1997. doi: 10.1093/sw/42.5.495
Layne CM, Pynoos RS, and Cardenas J. "Wounded adolescence: School-based group psychotherapy for adolescents who sustained or witnessed violent injury," in Shafii M and Shafi SL, eds, School Violence: Assessment, Management, Prevention. 163-186. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. 2001. SUMMARY 
Mazza JJ and Reynolds WM. "Children and adolescents exposed to community violence: A mental health perspective for school psychologists," School Psychology Review vol 29: 86-101. 2000.
Margolin G and Gordis EB. "The Effects of Family and Community Violence on Children," Annual Review of Psychology vol 51: 445-479. 2000. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.51.1.445
Murphy L, Pynoos RS, and James CB. "The trauma/grief-focused group psychotherapy module of an elementary school-based violence prevention/intervention program," in Osofsky JD, ed, Children in a Violent Society, 223-255. New York, Guilford Press. 1997. SUMMARY 
Overstreet S and Braun S. "Exposure to community violence and post-traumatic stress symptoms: mediating factors," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry vol 70(2): 263-271. 2000. doi: 10.1037/h0087828
Pynoos RS. "Children exposed to catastrophic violence and disaster," in Pfeiffer CR, ed, Intense Stress and Mental Disturbance in Children. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. (in press).
Pynoos RS and Eth S. "Witness to violence: the child interview," Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry vol 25(3): 306-319. 1986. doi:10.1016/S0002-7138(09)60252-1 SUMMARY 
Schwab-Stone M, Chen C, Greenberger E, Silver D, Lichtman J, and Voyce C. "No safe haven II: The effects of violence exposure on urban youth," Journal of The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry vol 38(4): 359-367. 1999.
Stein BD, Jaycox LH, Kataoka SH, Wong M, Tu W, Elliott MN, and Fink A. "A mental health intervention for schoolchildren exposed to violence: A randomized controlled trial," Journal of the American Medical Association vol 290 (5): 603-611. 2003. doi:10.1001/jama.290.5.603 SUMMARY 
Stein BD, Kataoka SH, Jaycox LH, Steiger EM, Wong M, Fink A, Escudero P, and Zaragoza C. "The Mental Health for Immigrants Program," in Weist MD, Evans SW, and Lever NA, eds, Handbook of School Mental Health: Advancing Practice and Research, 179-190. New York, Kluwer. 2003. SUMMARY 
Trickett PK and Schellenbach C. Violence against Children in the Family and the Community. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 1998.
White KS, Bruce S, and Kliewer W. "Impact of exposure to community violence on anxiety: A longitudinal study of family social support as a protective factor for urban children." Journal of Child and Family Studies vol 7(2): 187-203. 1998. doi: 10.1023/A:1022943216319
Wood JL, Foy DW, Goguen CA, Pynoos RS, and James CB. "Violence exposure and PTSD among delinquent girls," Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma vol 6(1): 109-126. 2002. doi: 10.1300/J146v06n01_06 SUMMARY 
Wood JL, Foy DW, Layne CM, Pynoos RS, and James CB. "An examination of the relationships between violence exposure, posttraumatic stress symptomatology, and delinquent activity: An 'ecopathological' model of delinquent behavior among incarcerated adolescents," Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma vol 6(1): 127-147. 2002. doi: 10.1300/J146v06n01_07 SUMMARY