Standardized Measures to Assess Complex Trauma

This table lists specific tools that can be used either to assess a broad range of complex trauma domains or tap into a specific domain in greater detail. Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of assessments; other tools may be available that are not listed here.

Name of MeasureDomainsTargeted AgeFormat/Completion TimeFor More Information

Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress (SIDES)

Pelcovitz et al., 1997

Affect Dysregulation
Somatization
Attention/Consciousness
Self-Perception
Relations with Others
Systems of Meaning

Note: Overall Criteria for DESNOS
17-18+ yearsClinician-Based Interview

Self-Report (SIDES-SR)

45 items

45 min-1.5 hours
 Publishers Website
Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress – Adolescent Version (SIDES-A)
Habib et al., 2005

 
Affect Dysregulation
Somatization
Attention/Consciousness
Self-Perception
Relations with Others
Systems of Meaning

Note: Overall Criteria for DESNOS
 12-18 yearsClinician-Based Interview

45 items

45 min-1.5 hours
 
Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths- Trauma Comprehensive
(CANS Trauma
)
Kisiel et al., 2011

 
Attachment
Affect Dysregulation
Behavioral Control
Dissociation
Biology
Trauma Exposure
Caregiver Functioning
Strengths
 3-18 yearsClinician Rating/Information Integration Tool

110 items

30-45 min
 Full Measure Review
Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children
(TSCC)

Briere, 1996
Anger
Anxiety
Depression
Dissociation
Fantasy
Sexual Concerns
Somatic/Biology
(Somatic Complaints Subscale)
8-16 years Self-Report

54 items

20-30 min

 
 Full Measure Review
Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children
(TSCYC)

Briere et al., 2001

 
Traumatic Stress
Somatic/Biology
(Somatic Complaints Subscale)
Anxiety/Mood (Internalizing Symptoms)
3-12 years Caregiver Report

90 items

15-20 min
Full Measure Review
Youth Outcome Questionnaire
(YOQ – 2.01)

Burlingame et al., 1996

 
Interpersonal Distress
Somatic Concerns
Interpersonal Relationships
Social Problems
Behavioral Control
4-17 years Caregiver Report

64 items

10 min
 Download Measure
Youth Outcome Questionnaire – Self Report (YOQ – 2.0 SR)
Wells et al., 1999
Interpersonal Distress
Somatic Concerns
Interpersonal Relationships
Social Problems
Behavioral Dysfunction

 
 12-18 yearsSelf-Report

64 items

10 min
 Download Measure
Children’s Alexithymia Measure (CAM)
Way et al., 2010
 
Affect Dysregulation5-17 yearsObserver Report

14 items

10-15 min
 Publishers Website
Difficulties in Emotional
Regulation Scale (DERS)

Gratz & Roemer, 2004
 
Affect Dysregulation18-60 yearsSelf-Report

36 items

8 min

 
 Full Measure Review
Five Factor Personality Inventory for Children (FFPI-C)
Kroes, Veerman, & De Bruyn, 2005
Affect Dysregulation
Behavioral Control (Conscientiousness Subscale)

9 - 18 years, 11 months

Self-Report

75 items

15 – 40 min
 Publishers Website
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory for Adolescents (MMPI-A)
Stokes et al., 2009
Affect Dysregulation
Somatic/Biology
(Hypochondriasis and Hysteria Scales)
14-18 yearsSelf-Report

478 items

60 min
 Publishers Website
Personality Inventory for Youth/Personality Inventory for Children, Second Edition (PIC-2)
Lachar & Gruber, 1993

 
Affect Dysregulation
Cognition
Somatic/Biology (Somatic Concern Scale)
5-19 years
 

Parent Report

Youth Self-Report

Teacher Report

275 items

40 min

 Publishers Website
Affect Intensity and Reactivity Measure
for Youth (AIR-Y)

Jones et al., 2009

 
Affect Dysregulation10-17 yearsSelf-Report

27 items

10 min
 Publishers Website
Abbreviated Dysregulation Inventory (ADI)
Mezzich et al., 2001
Affect Dysregulation
Cognitive
Behavioral Control
12-18 yearsSelf-Report

30 items

15-30 min
 
Attachment Questionnaire for Children (AQC)
Muris et al., 2001
Attachment
 
9-18  yearsSelf-Report

1 item

3 min
Full Measure Review
Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA)
Armsden, 1986
Attachment
 
3 years5 Story Completion Tasks

15 min
 Publishers Website
Child Dissociative Checklist
(CDC)

Putnam et. al, 1990

 
Dissociation5-12 yearsCaregiver Report

20 items       

5 min
 Download Measure
Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (A-DES)
Armstrong et al., 1990

 
Dissociation11-18 yearsSelf-Report

30 items

10-15 min
 Download Measure
Children’s Perceptual Alterations Scale (CPAS)
Evers-Szostak & Sanders, 2002
Dissociation
 
8-12 years
 
Self-Report

28 items

10-15 min
 Download Measure
Dissociative Features Profile (DFP)
Silberg, 2008

 
 Dissociation5-17 yearsClinician report Publishers Website
Children’s Dissociative Experiences Scale & Posttraumatic Symptom Inventory (CDES & PTSI)
Stolbach, 2005; Cloitre et al., 2009
 Dissociation6-12 yearsSelf-report

37 items

30 min

 

 

Download Measure

Children’s Attributions and Perceptions Scale (CAPS)
Mannarino et al., 1994

 
Cognition
 
7-17 years
 
Clinician Interview

18 items

5-10 min
 Publishers Website
Children’s Hope Scale
Synder et al., 1997
Cognition
 
8-19 yearsSelf-Report

6 items
  
5 min
Full Measure Review
Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function
(BRIEF)

Gioia et al., 2000
Cognition
 
5-18 yearsCaregiver Report
Teacher Report

86 items

10-15 min
 Publishers Website
Behavior Assessment System for Children-2 (BASC-2)
Kamphaus et al., 1999
Cognition
Behavioral Control
Somatic/Biology (Somatic Complaints Scales)
2 – 21 years, 11 monthsYouth Self-Report
Caregiver Report
Teacher Report

206-241 items

10 – 30 min

 
  Publishers Website
Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)
Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001
Behavioral Control
Affect Dysregulation
Somatic/Biology
Cognition

 
1.5-5 years,    6-18 years
 
Caregiver Report

140 items

15 min
Full Measure Review
Child Sexual Behavior Inventory (CSBI)
Friedrich, 1997
Behavioral Control

 
2-12 yearsCaregiver Report

38 items    

10-15 min
Full Measure Review
 
Perceived Competence Scales for Children
Harter, 1982
Behavioral ControlNot Specified
 
Self-Report

28 items

15 min
  Publishers Website
Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, 2nd ed.
(Piers-Harris-2)
Piers et al., 2002
Self-Concept7-18 yearsSelf-report

60 items     

10-15 min
 Publishers Website
Traumatic Events Screening Inventory - Parent Report Revised (TESI-CRF-R)
Ippen et al., 2002
 Trauma Exposure/History4-18 years
 
Caregiver, Youth Report, and Interview Versions

24 items

10 min

 
 Download Measure
Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ)
Hamby at al., 2005

 
Trauma Exposure/History2-9 years

10-17 years

 
Caregiver or Youth Report

34 items

15-20 min

 
 Publishers Website
UCLA PTSD Reaction Index
Pynoos et al., 1998

 
Trauma Exposure/History
(Exposure Portion)
PTSD Symptoms
7-12 years
13-18 years

 
Caregiver, and
Youth Report

47-48 items 

20 min
Full Measure Review
Trauma History Checklist and Interview (THC)
Habib & Labruna, 2006

 
Trauma Exposure/History13 years - adultSelf-Report and Interview 
Dimensions of Stressful Events Rating Scale
(DOSE)

Fletcher, 1996
Trauma Exposure/History6-18 yearsClinician Administered

50 items

30 min
 Publishers Website
Parent-Child Relationship Inventory
(PCRI)

Gerard, Date Unknown

 
Trauma Exposure/History
 
3-15 yearsCaregiver Report

78 items

15 min
 Publishers Website
Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents
(CAPS-CA)

Nader et al., 1996
PTSD Symptoms8-15 yearsClinician Administered Youth Interview

33 questions

52 min
 
Full Measure Review
Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents (DICA)
Reich et al., 2000

 
 PTSD Symptoms
 
6-17 yearsSemi-Structured Interview

PTSD module: 17 items

10-15 min
Full Measure Review
Family Environment Scale (FES)
Moos & Moos, 1984
Caregiver/Family Functioning &
Response to Trauma
12-18+ years

(5-11 years: Pictorial Adaptation)

 
Caregiver or Youth Report

90 items

20 min
 Publishers Website
Family Assessment of Needs and Strengths: Trauma Exposure and Adaptation (FANS-TEA)
Lyons, Kiser, Beck, Connors, Gardner, & Strieder, 2009
Caregiver/Family Functioning &
Response to Trauma

 
UnknownUnknown 
Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF)
Abidin, 1995
Caregiver/Family Functioning &
Response to Trauma

 
10-12 years
 
Caregiver Report

 36 items

 10 min
Full Measure Review
 
Parent Emotional Reaction Questionnaire (PERQ)
Cohen & Mannarino, 1996
Caregiver/Family Functioning &
Response to Trauma

 
Child age - unspecifiedCaregiver Report

15 items

5-10 min
 
Full Measure Review
Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)
Derogatis, 1983
Caregiver/Family Functioning &
Response to Trauma
13+ yearsCaregiver Report

53 items

8-10 min
 Publishers Website
Coping Responses Inventory - Youth (CRI-Y)
Moos, 1993

 
Resilience, Coping, & Strengths
 
12-18 yearsSelf-Report

10-15 min

 
 Publishers Website
Children’s Coping Strategies Checklist
(CCSC)

Ayers et al., 1991
Resilience, Coping, & Strengths9 – 13 yearsSelf-Report

45 items

30 min
 
Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS)
Zimet, G.D., Dahlem,  Zimet, S.G., & Farley, 1988
Resilience, Coping, & StrengthsHas been studied with children, adolescents, and adults.Self-report

12 items

10-20 min
 Download Measure
World Assumptions Scale (WAS)
Janoff-Bulman, 1989

 
Resilience, Coping, & StrengthsHas been used with children 13 years and olderSelf-report 
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)
Goodman, 1997
 
Resilience, Coping, & Strengths3-18+ years
 
Caregiver Report
Teacher Report
Youth Report

5 min

Full Measure Review -Teacher

Full Measure Review -Child

Full Measure Review -Parent